Viral infections of winter wheat and soybean and their influence on crop yield under climate change conditions

L. Mishchenko, A. Dunich, I. Budzanivska, I. Mishchenko
ESC "Institute of Biology and Medicine", Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; ESC "Institute of Biology and Medicine", Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; ESC "Institute of Biology and Medicine", Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv,; National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv


Climate changes affect the level of damage from plant diseases, because the environment has a significant impact not only on plants, but also
on pathogens and their vectors. Therefore, studying of the viruses, crop yield and productivity, agroclimatic changes should be in the complex. The
aim of the study was to investigate the viruses affecting winter wheat and soybean plants, their yield in conditions of infection with viruses and
changes in the climatic conditions of the Poltava region. Methods: biometric; crop and its structure; DAS-ELISA, RNA extraction from plant
material, RT-PCR, sequencing, phylogenetic analysis, statistical methods. Results. It is established that Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) is the
most widespread and harmful for wheat crop and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) – for soybean. For the first time in Ukraine, the yield of winter wheat
and soybean plants under conditions of virus damage and changes of climatic conditions in the Poltava region was studied. Correlation between
the HTC (the hydrothermal coefficient of Selyaninov), the damage caused by viral diseases and the productivity of winter wheat and soybean plants
is revealed. It is shown that transgenic soybean Grimo is affected with SMV, which reduce grain yield twice. The molecular genetic properties of the
SMV isolate GRP-17 were studied and it is determined that it has a common origin with Iranian, American, Chinese isolates and isolate from
Ukraine. It has been determined that, the amino acid substitutions in CP gene of GRP-17 are unique compared to sequences of all SMV isolates
taken for the analysis. Conclusions. Analysis of the meteorological data in the agrocenosis was carried out and it was established that the yield of
wheat and soybean crops is closely related to the ratio of precipitation and air temperature (HTC). From these parameters also depended the
frequency of WSMV and SMV detection, because they have a direct impact on insects – vectors of the viruses. The changes in the molecular
genetic level in CP gene of GRP-17 can be involved in the it's harmfulness and ability to infect transgenic soybean plants.


WSMV, BYDV, SMV, yield, climate change, hydrothermal coefficient

Full Text:



Zhyvotkov L., Biryukov S., Stepanenko A. et al. Wheat. Zhyvotkov LA, editor. Kyiv: Urozhay; 1989. Russian

Kyrylenko V. [Based on a wide selection]. Karantyn i zahyst roslyn=Quarantine and Plant Protection. 2008; 6:4-6. Ukrainian

Mishchenko L. [Species composition of viruses on winter wheat crops in the forest-steppe of Ukraine under climate change conditions]. Proceedings of the International Conference ‘Implementation of the potential of grain crop varieties is the way to address food security' dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the birth of academician-breeder V.M. Remeslo; 2017 Oct 20; Centralne, Ukraine; 2017. Ukrainian

Mishchenko L. [Reasons and consequences of reddening of winter wheat leaves at the beginning of earing in the Ukrainian forest-steppe]. Scientific and technical bulletin of the V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat. 2007; 6-7:262-277. Ukrainian

Mishchenko L., Reshetnyk G., Torop V. [Complex diagnostics of "purple leaves" symptoms in winter wheat]. Visnyk agrar.nauku=Вulletin of Agricultural Science. 2010; 4:29–33. Ukrainian

Peresypkin V., Markov I., Shelestova V. [Workshop on the basics of research in plant protection]. К; 2000. Ukrainian

Reshetnyk G. [Diagnostics of viral infections of winter wheat under effect of abotic factors] [dissertation]. Kyiv: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv; 2010. Ukrainian.

Stepanenko S., Polyovyi A., Shkolnyi E. et al. [Assessment of the impact of climate change on the economy of Ukraine]. Stepanenko SM, Polyovyi AM, editor. Odesa: Ekologia; 2011. Ukrainian

Asseng S., Ewert F., Martre P., Rötter R., Lobell D., Cammarao D. et al. Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production. Nature Clim. Change. 2015; 5: 143–147. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2470

Bowen K., Burch K. Influence of weather on barley yellow dwarf severity and yields of wheat in Alabama. Phytopathology. 2001; 91:S10. 11. Crowther J. ELISA. Theory and practice. New York: Hamana Press; 1995.

Habekub A., Riedel C., Schliephake E., Ordon F. Breeding for resistance to insect-transmitted viruses in barley – an emerging challenge due to global warming. Journal für Kulturpflanzen. 2009; 61: 53–61.

Hatfield J., Boote K., Kimball B., Ziska L., Izaurralde R., Ort D. et al. Climate impacts on agriculture: implications for crop production. Agron. J. 2011; 103: 351–370. doi: 10.2134/agronj2010.0303.

Hatfield J., Dold C. Agroclimatology and Wheat Production: Coping with Climate Change. Front. Plant Sci. 2018; 9:224. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00224.

Hatfield J., Wright-Morton L., Hall B. Vulnerability of grain crops and croplands in the Midwest to climatic variability and adaptation strategies. Climate Change. 2017; 146: 263–275. doi: 10.1007/s10584-017-1997-x.

Huelsenbeck J., Rannala B. Maximum likelihood estimation of phylogeny using stratigraphic data. Paleobiology. 1997; 23(2): 174-180. doi:

Innes P., Tan D., Van Ogtrop F., Amthor J. Effects of hightemperature episodes on wheat yields in New South Wales, Australia. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 2015; 208: 95–107. doi:


Jones R. Plant virus emergence and evolution: Origins, new encounter scenarios, factors driving emergence, effects of changing world conditions, and prospects for control. Virus Research. 2009; 141:113–130.

Mishchenko L., Dunich A., Mishchenko I., Berlizov V., Petrenkova V., Molchanets O. Influence of climate changes on wheat viruses variability in Ukraine. Agriculture and Forestry. 2017; 63(4):43-50. doi:10.17707/AgricultForest.63.4.04.

Mishchenko L., Dunich A., Shevchenko T., Budzanivska I., Polischuk V., Andriychuk O., Molchanets O., Antipov I. Detection of Soybean mosaic virus in some left-bank forest-steppe regions of Ukraine. Mikrobiolohichnyǐ zhurnal. 2017; 79(3):125-136. doi:

Nancarrow N., Constable F., Finlay K., Freeman A., Rodoni B., Trebecki P., Vassiliadis S., Yen A., Luck J. The effect of elevated temperature on Barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV in wheat. Virus Research. 2014; 186:97–103.

Prasad P., Djanaguiraman M. Response of floret fertility and individual grain weight of wheat to high temperature stress: sensitive stages and thresholds for temperature and duration. Funct. Plant Biol. 2014; 41: 1261–1269. doi: 10.1071/FP14061.

Rezaei E., Siebert S., Ewert F. Intensity of heat stress in winter wheat-phenology compensates for the adverse effect of global warming. Environ. Res. Lett. 2015; 10:024012. doi: 10.1088/1748-


Ruszkowska M., Lipa J., Walczak F., Wójtowicz A. Current and future crop protection problems in Poland in a changing climate. Proceedings of the Conference on Climate change and agricultural production in the Baltic Sea region. Focus on effects, vulnerability and adaptation; 2010 May 4-6; Uppsala, Sweden. NJF Report. 2010; 6(1): 63-64.

Sherepitko D., Budzanivska I., Polischuk V., Boyko A. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of Soybean mosaic virus isolated in Ukraine. Biopolymers and Cell. 2011; 27(6):472–479.

Thackray D., Diggle A., Jones R. BYDV predictor: A simulation model to predict aphid arrival, epidemics of Barley yellow dwarf virus and yield losses in wheat crops in a Mediterranean-type environment. Plant Pathology. 2009; 58:186-202.

Trębicki P., Nancarrow N., Bosque-Pérez N., Rodoni B., Aftab M., Freeman A., Yen A., Fitzgerald G. Virus incidence in wheat increases under elevated CO2: A 4-year study of yellow dwarf viruses from a free air carbon dioxide facility. Virus Research. 2017; 241:137-144. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2017.06.027.

Trębicki P., Nancarrow N., Cole E., Bosque-Pérez N., Constable F., Freeman A. et al. Virus disease in wheat predicted to increase with a changing climate. Global Change Biology. 2015; 9: 3511–19.

Yu Q., Li L., Luo Q., Eamus D., Xu S., Chen C. et al. Year patterns of climate impact on wheat yields. Int. J. Climatol. 2014; 34:518–528. doi: 10.1002/joc.3704.


Received: 11.02.2018

Revised: 15.03.2018

Signed for publication: 16.03.2018



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Лицензия Creative Commons
This journal is available according to the Creative Commons License «Attribution» («Атрибуція») 4.0 Global (CC-BY).